10 Common Periodontal Treatment Options
Millions of Americans have gum disease, but many are not be aware of this fact. Periodontal disease occurs when the gum tissues are infected and destroy the bone that supports your teeth. That is why it is essential to go for professional cleanings and checkups at Vita Dental Spring to arrest any developing problems early.
It is essential for individuals to identify the signs and symptoms of gum disease. One of the significant indicators of gum disease, as noted by Vita Dental Spring dentists is bleeding gums, which can be quite common when brushing and flossing. The gums also become inflamed, which is the body’s way of shielding and protecting itself from any infection.
Our careless attitude towards these minor oral problems can lead to more severe forms of periodontal diseases such as gingivitis. According to Vita Dental Spring, there are several forms of periodontal disease, but the following are the most common:
Chronic Gingivitis. It is a reversible and milder form of periodontal disease because there is no bone loss experienced.
Aggressive Periodontitis. There is a quick loss of gum attachment and bone destruction within a short period.
Chronic Periodontitis. It progresses slowly and is one of the most common and advanced forms of periodontitis.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease. It is an infection that results from the death of gum tissues surrounding the tooth and connecting bone.
Any treatment you go for depends on the severity of the inflammation or the disease. Treatments range from surgical procedures to nonsurgical therapies
Professional Dental Cleaning
During a typical checkup at Vita Dental Spring, your dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line of all teeth. If the dentist notices any sign of gum disease, he/she may recommend professional dental cleaning more times than the usual twice a year. Dental cleanings are an important preventive measure that can help you stop the development of gum disease.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are a deep-cleaning, nonsurgical procedure. The dentists at Vita Dental Spring perform the treatment under a local anesthetic. Scaling is whereby plaque and tartar from the gum line are scraped away while planing is the smoothing of rough spots on the tooth root. Smoothing gets rid of bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach to the teeth. If the dentist at Vita Dental Spring determines that you have plaque and calculus, they will do scaling and root
Flap Surgery/Pocket Reduction Surgery
In this procedure, the gums are lifted back to remove tartar.
In some cases, the damaged bones can have irregular surfaces. Such surfaces need smoothing to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The orthodontist then positions the gums so that the tissue fits securely around the tooth. Pocket reduction surgery shrinks the size of the space between the tooth and gum, thus decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow.
In periodontal laser therapy, your dentist at Vita Dental Spring uses a dental laser to remove the inflamed gum tissue from the surrounding tooth root. Once the infected tissue is removed, and the root is exposed, then root scaling begins.
A bone graft procedure entails using fragments of synthetic bone or your bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts act as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which brings back stability to teeth. A new technology, known as tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regrow bone and tissue at an accelerated rate.
Soft Tissue Grafts
Soft tissue graft procedure strengthens thin gums or fills in places where gums have receded. During this procedure, your dentist at Vita Dental Spring will take the grafted tissue from the roof of the mouth, and stitch it in place thereby adding mass to the affected area.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
The dentist performs the procedure when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed. The tissue regeneration procedure is done in combination with flap surgery, whereby a small piece of mesh-like fabric is put in between the bone and gum tissue. The material prevents the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be. In so doing, the bone and connective tissue can regrow to better support the teeth.
Bone surgery helps in smoothing the shallow craters created in the bone due to moderate and advanced bone loss. After a flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to reduce the cavities. It helps to inhibit the growth and accumulation of bacteria.
Drugs Used to Treat Gum Disease
Antibiotic treatments such as Chlorhexidine-marketed as Peridex, PerioChip, and PerioGard can be used either alone or in combination with surgery and other therapies, to eliminate the bacteria associated with gum disease temporarily. The medication is available either as a gelatin-filled chip placed in pockets after root planing or as a mouth rinse.
Furthermore, a dentist can prescribe toothpaste that prevents and minimizes the symptoms associated with periodontitis. Such toothpaste can contain fluoride, Chlorhexidine, a bioactive peptide, and hyaluronic acid. These compounds accelerate gum regeneration and reduce plaque and gingivitis.